In 1988, Congress passed the Drug Free Workplace Act, which requires organizations that are awarded federal grants and contracts to establish certain drug-related policies. With the recent legalization or marijuana in Michigan, it is a good time to review those requirements. Although legal in Michigan, marijuana remains illegal under federal law.
When reviewing policies and procedures, think about these points.
#1 Is your business covered under the Act?
Under the Act, any organization that receives federal grants must be in compliance. Federal contracts, on the other hand, only need comply if the value of the contract is over $100,000 and if the contract, or a part of the contract, will be performed in the United States.
#2 What are the necessary procedures?
Given the discrepancy in state and federal law, employers should make their position on marijuana and marijuana testing clear to their employees. In general, the Act requires that employers inform employees:
- of the dangers of drug abuse in the workplace,
- of its drug-free workplace policy,
- of penalties that may be imposed on employees for policy violations,
- on any available counseling, employee assistance, etc., and
- that possession, use, sale or distribution in the workplace is prohibited.
#3 Drug Testing
The Act requires employers make a good faith effort to maintain a drug-free workplace, but there is no drug testing requirements. However, in highly regulated industries, drug testing may be required by another agency, like the Department of Transportation. Drug testing may also be an important component of workers compensation investigations and other internal investigations.
Employers should provide training to their key employees, like front-line supervisors and managers. These key employees should be able to recognize signs of marijuana impairment and should be prepared to minimize the risk to your organization by taking corrective safety action as needed.
This is a great opportunity to reach out for help in reviewing and revising your drug-free workplace and drug testing policies.